A growing cooperation between China and 16 Central and Eastern European Countries
Founded in 2012, the 16+1 cooperation between sixteen Central and Eastern European Countries and China (CEEC & China) started as a Chinese government's initiative aimed at promoting business and investment relations between those seventeen countries, within the framework of the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative.
Members of the format include:
11 EU Member States:
and 5 non-EU countries:
Bosnia and Herzegovina
The idea of a special cooperation platform between the Central and Eastern European Countries and China emerged after the first China – Central and Eastern European Countries Economic and Trade Forum was held in Budapest in 2011.
Areas of cooperation
The participating countries aim to invigorate and expand their cooperation on a wide range of areas: trade and investment, connectivity, finance, agriculture, science and technology, health, education, culture, people-to-people relations.
In order to facilitate cooperation and exchange, various mechanisms and institutions have been established, gradually enhancing the 16+1 framework.
National coordinators, representing each country, meet regularly and their work is supported by the China–CEEC Secretariat, which is based in Beijing.
The Heads of Government Summits
The 16+1 countries meet annually at the Heads of Government level. So far seven summits were held:
2012 – Warsaw, Poland
2013 – Bucharest, Romania
2014 – Belgrade, Serbia
2015 – Suzhou, China
2016 – Riga, Latvia
2017 – Budapest, Hungary
2018 – Sofia, Bulgaria.
The 8th CEEC–China Summit will take place in Dubrovnik (Croatia) on 11–12 April 2019.